Monday, May 2, 2022

 a landmark $8.5 billion pledge by the U.K., U.S. and European Union before last year’s COP26 summit to support South Africa’s move away from fossil fuels. The deal has become a model for decarbonizing other nations including India, Indonesia and Vietnam. The hope is that agreements can be reached with those countries before COP27, the people said, and that details of the South Africa pact will be finalized by then. Much of the focus is on Indonesia, which will this year host the Group of 20’s meetings and have significant influence over COP27. Getting a deal done could earn rich countries some goodwill in Egypt after they failed again last year to meet a decade-old target to deliver $100 billion a year in climate finance for poor nations. Jess Shanlerman Blomnerg Green., london

Sunday, May 1, 2022


Saturday, April 30, 2022


Oakes, Robert

Senior Researcher

  • Robert Oakes
    Environment and Migration: Interactions and Choices Section (EMIC)
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

    Research Interests

    • Agent Based Modelling
    • Climate Change
    • Environmentally Related Migration


    • PhD: Geography, Understanding and Modelling Hurricane Evacuation, University of Sussex
    • MA., Environment, Development and Policy, University of Sussex
    • BA., Modern History and Economics, University of Manchester

    Biographical Statement

    Dr. Robert Oakes is a Research Associate at UNU-EHS. He investigates population movements related to environmental risk, climate change and disasters. Specifically he researches the subjective, or personal understandings people have of risk, the impact of social networks and how these can translate into community level movements.

    He takes a multidisciplinary approach as his doctorate is in Geography but his research includes theories and methods from Economics, Complexity, Psychology, Sociology and Anthropoolgy. His doctorate from the University of Sussex used Q method and Agent Based Modelling to investigate evacuation flows from Galveston in the lead up to Hurricane Ike in 2008. He used Q method to show that a variety of factors can influence the decision to stay and weather the storm, thus demonstrating the need for a wider understanding of what is termed “rational” behavior. He also used an Agent Based Model to investigate the impact of social networks or peer pressure on community level evacuation, demonstrating the utility of this innovative method for studying climate related movements.